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The Two Babylons, by Alexander Hislop, Bible Commentary Catholicism PDF CD

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This disk contains the digitized version of Two Babylons in PDF format for viewing on your computer.  Each book is in high resolution PDF format.



The Two Babylons

by Alexander Hislop

The Two Babylons


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Are you interested in the history of the Catholic Church and want to learn more about its practices and beliefs, and where they came from?

Understand about the origin of:

The Mother and Child
The Mass
The Wafer (Eucharist)
The Sovereign Pontiff
Prayers for the Dead
The Rosary
The Sign of the Cross
The Confessional

Clothing and Crowning of Images
Priests, Monks, and Nuns
Relic Worship
Worship of the Sacred Heart
Extreme Unction

This CD contains The Two Babylons, by Alexander Hislop.  The Two Babylons, subtitled The Papal Worship Proved to Be the Worship of Nimrod and His Wife is a religious pamphlet published in 1853 by the Presbyterian Free Church of Scotland theologian Alexander Hislop (1807–65).

Its central theme is its allegation that the Catholic Church is a veiled continuation of the pagan religion of Babylon, the product of a millennia-old secret conspiracy founded by the Biblical king Nimrod and the Assyrian queen Semiramis, whom Hislop claimed was Nimrod's wife. It claims that modern holidays, including Christmas and Easter, were actually festivals established by Semiramis and that all of the customs associated with them are secretly pagan rituals. All of the book's major claims have been thoroughly refuted by modern scholars, but variations of them continue to remain popular among some groups of evangelical Protestants. The pamphlet's claims, though disproven, continue to be promoted in Chick tracts and on the internet, and its central ideas have influenced Jehovah's Witnesses, racist groups such as The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord, and the conspiracy theories of David Icke.

Hislop builds on the Panbabylonian school of Hyperdiffusionism, which was common in the 19th century, to argue that Classical and Ancient Near Eastern civilization took all its inspiration from Babylon. From this, he derives the argument that the mystery religions of Late Antiquity were actually offshoots of one ancient religion founded at the Tower of Babel. Panbabylonism has since been relegated to pseudohistory by 20th-century scholars.

Much of Hislop's work centers on his association of the legendary Ninus and his semi-historical wife Semiramis with the Biblical Nimrod. Hellenistic histories of the Ancient Near East tended to conflate their faint recollections of the deeds of ancient kings into legendary figures who exerted far more power than any ancient king ever did. In Assyria, they invented an eponymous founder of Nineveh named Ninus, who supposedly ruled 52 years over an empire comparable to the Persian Empire at its greatest extent. Ninus's wife Semiramis was in turn a corruption of the historical figure Shammuramat, regent of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 811 BC. Hislop takes Ninus as a historical figure, and associates him with the Biblical figure Nimrod, though he was not the first to do so. The Clementine literature made the association in the 4th Century AD. An influential belief throughout the Middle Ages was that Ninus was the inventor of Idolatry, a concept that Hislop clearly drew upon. However, Hislop wrote before the historical records of the ancient near east had been thoroughly decoded and studied, and it became apparent in the decades after he wrote that there never was any such figure as Ninus, and that the Greek authors whom he quotes were without credibility on the subject.
Relief of the Babylonian goddess Ishtar, whose name Hislop falsely claimed to be the root behind the English word Easter

The Two Babylons heavily relies on Austen Henry Layard's publications of his excavations at Nineveh, which had only been just discovered in 1851. This gave his work an appearance of being well-researched at the time of its publication. For example, Hislop linked the name of Easter with Astarte, the Phoenician fertility goddess by citing Layard's recent discovery of Astarte's Assyrian name, Ishtar, which Hislop took to be "identical" to Easter.

What means the term Easter itself? It is not a Christian name. It bears its Chaldean origin on its very forehead. Easter is nothing else than Astarte, one of the titles of Beltis, the queen of heaven, whose name, as pronounced by the people Nineveh, was evidently identical with that now in common use in this country. That name, as found by Layard on the Assyrian monuments, is Ishtar.
— Hislop, The Two Babylons, Chapter 3, Section 2, Easter

The claim that Easter is derived from Ishtar is now regarded as incorrect. Modern etymologists derive the word Easter from the Proto-Indo-European root *aus-, meaning "dawn," potentially by way of *h₂ewsṓs. Ishtar is a Semitic name of uncertain etymology, possibly taken from the same root as Assyria, or from a semitic word meaning "to irrigate."

Hislop ultimately traces Catholic doctrines back to the worship of Nimrod, claiming that the Roman Catholic Church is the Whore of Babylon of the Book of Revelation and that "the Pope himself is truly and properly the lineal representative of Belshazzar". He claims that the Christogram IHS, the first three Greek letters in the name of Jesus, are really Latin characters standing for Isis, Horus and Seth.

This CD-ROM contains this title in PDF format, for viewing only in your computer.  This CD cannot be played on the CD player hooked up to your TV or stereo.

Hard cover versions of these works have sold for 10 times or more the cost of this disk.  With our CD, you can read, study, and print out the pages as many times as you want.

  • Model: CA-H04

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